When the inner lips labia minora of the vagina become stuck together, it is called a labial adhesion. This is typically seen in girls between the ages of 3 months and 6 years old. Labial adhesions can partially or completely block the opening to the vagina and the urethra where urine comes out. Most of the time, labial adhesions do not cause any symptoms at all! Rarely patients may notice changes in the urine stream, dribbling urine after urinating, vaginal discharge , or bladder infections.
The external female genital area is called the vulva. The outer folds of skin are called the labia majora, and the inner folds are called the labia minora. Within the labia minora is the vestibule. The vagina and urethra open into the vestibule. On either side of the opening of the urethra are the openings to tiny glands called Skene glands. Two additional glands, called Bartholin glands , are located on either side of the vaginal opening.
The most common symptoms of vaginal atrophy are dryness, irritation, and pain during intercourse. Although menopause is the most common cause, vaginal atrophy can result from anything that lowers estrogen production. That includes chemotherapy, radiation, removal of the ovaries during hysterectomy, and use of anti-estrogenic therapies such as aromatase inhibitors, tamoxifen Nolvadex , and drugs like leuprolide Lupron and nafarelin Synarel , which are used to treat fibroids and endometriosis. Unlike hot flashes, which usually subside with time, vaginal atrophy is likely to persist and become worse without treatment.
You hear about the morning sickness , the wacky cravings , and even the swollen ankles before you get pregnant. With your body working double-time making hormones like progesterone and relaxin, muscle tissue around your bod will start to relax—especially around your GI tract. This causes the food you eat to move through your system more slowly, thereby causing you to bloat.