Violence is one of the leading causes of death and disability among young people in Europe. Over 10, year old Europeans lose their lives to violence each year World Health Organization, and far more suffer physical, emotional, psychological or social harm due to involvement in, witnessing or fearing violence. Violence can affect every aspect of young people's lives, hampering their prospects for education, employment and health, and reducing their ability to form healthy personal and social relationships. Preventing youth violence is a critical aspect in meeting a wide range of youth, social, family, health and employment policies. More widely, high levels of youth and other forms of violence can form barriers to economic investment in areas.
Violence in teen dating relationships is alarmingly commonplace. These rates are higher when verbal abuse is included in the definition. Teen dating violence appears to parallel violence in adult relationships in that it exists on a continuum ranging from verbal abuse to rape and murder Sousa, Teen victims may be especially vulnerable due to their inexperience in dating relationships, their susceptibility to peer pressure and their reluctance to tell an adult about the abuse Cohall, Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love Levy, This article provides a critical review of the research literature with respect to risk factors for both perpetrators and victims of dating violence and examines the research on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.
On any given day in the United States, you will find a news story about youth violence. Whether it is street violence, bullying , or a school shooting, our country's youth is plagued by violent behavior. The American Psychological Association APA defines youth violence as an extreme form of aggression with the goal of physical harm, injury, or death. Examples of youth violence include everything from date rape , homicides, and school shootings to gang violence and bullying.
Print this page. E-mail this page. One important goal of research on teen dating violence is to understand which youth are more vulnerable to experiencing violence in their relationships. Identifying youth at risk for violence increases the likelihood of early intervention and prevention.